Academic Research Resources

Interested in applying for 1) the non-degree certificate program or 2) the Ph.D. degree in Peace Studies at Payap University? Please Contact Us.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Create new knowledge in your research. Listen to, understand, and follow the advice of your dissertation chair (from the start) and committee members (usually starting when your main adviser says your draft proposal is good enough for you to defend your proposal formally with everyone in your committee) as well as the constructive feedback of the external committee members (starting from the actual defense and revisions thereafter). Note that each case is different. Your main adviser takes the lead. There are no hard and fast rules. Follow the requirements and author guidelines of your professors, department, college, university, and journals to whom and to which you are submitting your papers. Each university and each journal have different author guidelines. All the best in your research, writing, and publishing endeavors. Be encouraged.

Searching for Scholarships and Grants

  1. Searching and Applying for Scholarships, Fellowships, and Grants for Undergraduate, Bachelor’s Degree, Master’s Degree, Doctorate, Ph.D., Dissertation Writing: Sample Leads Listed
  2. How to Write a Scholarship or Fellowship Proposal
  3. Click on the link to this FB group, as it regularly announces a) scholarships as well as posts information regarding b) research methodology and c) Calls for Papers for your publication.
  4. List of Scholarships in general
  5. Scholarships, Grants, and Fellowships in Peace Studies
  6. Most national governments have scholarships and grants for both their own citizens and for foreign students.
  7. Many individual universities in different parts of the world offer partial or full scholarships, grants, and assistantships.
  8. Many foundations and organizations have scholarships and grants for university degrees, such as The Asia Foundation, Ford Foundation, Japan Foundation, Rotary International, Soros Foundation, etc. Check their websites. Each foundation has specific preferences, such as human rights, peace, women’s rights, etc.
  9. The World Bank has scholarships and grants for higher education degrees.

Required Publications to Obtain Your Ph.D. Degree & Graduation

  1. Note that our Ph.D. students are required to publish at least one article in SCOPUS or Thai Journals Online (ThaiJO) indexed journals to get their Ph.D. diplomas. The earlier you publish, the better. In that way, you can focus on your Ph.D. dissertation research work. Note that sometimes you have to wait for a couple of years before you hear news from the editor-in-chief or publisher. Not all responses from editors are positive.
  2. Look at the list of OHEC recognized journals for your publication.
  3. Consider publishing your article in TCI-indexed Payap University Journal, among others.
  4. Payap University Journal Author Guidelines.
  5. Assumption University Journals (Scopus, TCI Tier 1 & TCI Tier 2).
  6. Download the Payap University Journal template.
  7. Click here for Payap University Journal online submission, after registering and logging in.
  8. Another TCI Tier 1 venue for your publication is Journal of Community Development Research of Naresuan University.
  9. All the best in your academic publications!

PYU Official Dissertation-Related Templates

  1. DPS PYU Dissertation Proposal and Tips for Success in Your Ph.D. Dissertation and Publications in PPT
  2. DPS PYU Dissertation Template in PPT
  3. List of Publications Recognized by OHEC
  4. Candidate Proposal Form
  5. Proposal Cover Page
  6. Research Proposal
  7. Proposal Sections
  8. Dissertation Cover, Signature, and Copyright Page
  9. Dissertation Cover and Approval Page
  10. Dissertation Preliminary Pages
  11. RT’s Research Alignment Matrix Worksheet

Click here to download all the PYU Ph.D. dissertation-related templates.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Research Ethics Requirements

  1. University Research Ethics Procedures for Research Ethics Approval
  2. Documents for Submission for Consideration by the Research Ethics Committee of the University

Research and Writing Resources: Note that you have to navigate the terrain critically and with an open mind, each discipline or field, faculty member, department, college, or university could have different sets of requirements. All the best in your research, writing, and publication.

  1. Academic Research Writing: English for Academic Purposes (EAP)
  2. Zotero Tutorial
  3. Academic and Research Proposal and Paper Writing PPT Template
  4. Academic Search Engines and Helpful Tools
  5. Sample Academic Research Outline in Word Template
  6. A Typical Academic Research Outline
  7. Template for Writing a Qualitative Academic Paper (with Findings divided into Analysis and Interpretation)
  8. PowerPoint PPT Template for Academic Research Proposal and Paper
  9. Academic Research Paper Presentation PPT Template
  10. Basic Academic Research Proposal and Research Paper Outline Template
  11. Two Research Proposal and Paper Templates
  12. Blank PPT Template for Presentation of Academic Papers
  13. Academic Research Paper PowerPoint Presentation Template
  14. Template for Abstracts and Proposals for Journal Articles and Conference Papers
  15. Template for Academic Paper Submission
  16. Research Methodology: Tips and Rubric for Writing Academic Research and Presentation. Revise the General Guidelines as Necessary
  17. Template for Writing Your Chapter I Introduction for your Dissertation or Thesis
  18. Sample Qualitative Thesis Statements for Chapter 1 Introduction of Research
  19. PowerPoint (PPT) Slides Template for Chapter I Introduction of Thesis or Dissertation Presentations
  20. Chapter 2 Literature Review for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation: Blank TEMPLATE
  21. Guide to Writing Your Literature Review
  22. Literature Review: Template for Critique of Academic Literature
  23. Chapter 3 PPT TEMPLATE Research Methodology for your Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  24. Cheat Sheets to Prepare for Your Conference Paper or Journal Article Documents: Responding to Calls for Abstracts, Proposals, and Papers
  25. Academic Research Paper PPT Presentation Template
  26. Executive Summary Outline Templates for Field Research and Literature Review Academic Proposals and Academic Papers
  27. Sample Academic Papers in 2022 Proceedings of the First Annual International Conference on Religion, Culture, Peace, and Education
  28. Sample Abstracts in (2022). Book of Abstracts. First Annual International Conference on Religion, Culture, Peace, and Education. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Payap University Department of Peace Studies.
  29. Sample IRB Consent Form

Evaluation Rubrics

  1. Evaluation Rubric for Academic Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations
  2. SHORT Peer Reviewer Sheet. Blank Template
  3. Generic Short Blank Template Editorial Review Board Peer Review Sheet
  4. Generic Detailed Blank Template Editorial Review Board Peer Review Sheet
  5. Academic Research Paper Peer Review Rubric Worksheet for Grading or Approval
  6. Academic Paper Evaluation Rubric
  7. Article Review and Book Review Rubric

Research Methodology

  1. Good and Bad Writing: Advice from Nobel Laureates and Experts
  2. Good Writing, Bad Writing, and Excellent Academic Writing
  3. Verb Tenses: English Grammar
  4. Different Types of Academic Writing Bachelor, Master, and Ph.D.: Non-Research and Research
  5. Different Types of Academic Writing: Know, Understand, Apply, and Create
  6. Perry and Bloom on Intellectual and Ethical Development
  7. Considerations in Research
  8. Kim, Kester, & Han. (2022). Interesting, but are we convinced? The importance of methodological rigor.
  9. Research Methodology: Philosophy and Research
  10. The Notion of Truth in Religion, Philosophy, and Science
  11. Research Writing Process
  12. Introduction to Academic Research, Writing, and Publication
  13. Dr. A. Bah’s Lecture Notes on Research Methods
  14. Elements of a Research Prospectus, Proposal, or Plan
  15. Research Paradigms and Theories
  16. Four Research Paradigms
  17. Research Methodology: Four Major Research Paradigms–Different Ways of Dealing with the Natural and Social World
  18. Four Major Social Research Paradigms: Different Ways of Dealing with the Natural and Social World
  19. Pure Research, Applied Research
  20. Types of Research
  21. Types of Research
  22. Different Types of Action Research
  23. Research Traditions and Approaches
  24. Research Methodology and Research Methods
  25. Research Methodology, Research Process Alignment, and Logical Coherence
  26. Vertical Research Outline Alignment Matrix
  27. Sample Research Alignment Matrix
  28. Literature Review Alignment Sample Matrix with Fill in the Blanks Matrix
  29. Research Alignment Chart
  30. Horizontal Research Alignment Matrix. Fill in the blanks. Proposal. Methodology. Design
  31. Research Alignment and Presentation of Your Variables or Factors in the Form of an Analytic Framework, which is a Figure
  32. Research Process with Alignment Matrix
  33. Research Alignment or Research Concurrence Table.
  34. Research-Progress Guidance Work Sheet
  35. Academic Research Worksheet to Ensure Research Alignment, Research Congruence, and Logical Coherence
  36. Research Alignment Work Sheet
  37. Academic Paper Peer Review Guidelines and Work Sheet
  38. Guide Questions for Analysis and Discussion Using the Case Study Method
  39. Evaluation Research
  40. Evaluation Form Measuring Reaction, Learning, Behavior & Impact
  41. Research Methodology: Qualitative and Quantitative Research
  42. Quantitative Research
  43. Qualitative Research
  44. Research Methodology on Reliability and Validity
  45. Academic Research Writing: Chapter 3 Methodology, General Lecture Notes
  46. Research Methodology PPT TEMPLATE ONLY
  47. Deductive and Inductive Theories in Research for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  48. Deductive Theory-Led Research
  49. Framework of Analysis: Writing the Theoretical, Analytic, and Conceptual Frameworks.
  50. Structure Writing Your Academic Research Papers
  51. How to Structure Your Paper: Use Tables and Figures for Research Alignment.
  52. Preparing and Presenting Your Tables and Figures to Ensure Consistency or Internal Validity in Your Research
  53. Sample Figures and Tables in Academic Research for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  54. Writing Chapter 1 Introduction
  55. Writing Chapter I of Your Academic Research Paper: Statement of the Problem, Objectives, Questions, Hypothesis, Thesis, Definition, and Theory.
  56. Literature Review Search and Writing
  57. Chapter 2 Literature Review for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation: Lecture Notes
  58. How to Write a Literature Review
  59. Writing an Integrative Literature Review.
  60. Writing Chapter II of Your Academic Research Paper: The Literature Review
  61. Research Methodology and Research Methods
  62. Writing Chapter III of Your Academic Research Paper: Research Methodology, Philosophical Assumptions, Paradigms, Data Collection, and Data Analysis
  63. Chapter 3 Methodology Qualitative Data Analysis Work Sheet TEMPLATE
  64. Levels of Analysis
  65. Sample Time Line for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  66. Sample Gantt Chart Time Line for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  67. Writing Chapter 4 Findings or Results of Your Academic Paper
  68. Chapter 5 Writing Conclusion or Discussion of Your Academic Paper
  69. Tips on Writing the Abstract and Key Terms or Words
  70. Writing the Abstract of Your Academic Papers
  71. Writing a Powerful Abstract and Key Words with Many Real Examples
  72. Research, Writing, Presentation, and Publication ONE SEMESTER COURSE
  73. Pre-, During, and Post- Defense of Your Academic Paper
  74. Considerations in Research
  75. Research Methodology: Philosophy and Research
  76. Different Types of Academic Writing Bachelor, Master, and Ph.D.: Non-Research and Research
  77. Research Writing Process
  78. Introduction to Academic Research, Writing, and Publication
  79. Elements of a Research Prospectus, Proposal, or Plan
  80. Research Paradigms and Theories
  81. Four Research Paradigms
  82. Power and Knowledge
  83. Research Methodology: Four Major Research Paradigms–Different Ways of Dealing with the Natural and Social World
  84. Four Major Social Research Paradigms: Different Ways of Dealing with the Natural and Social World
  85. Types of Research
  86. Types of Research
  87. Research Traditions and Approaches
  88. Research Methodology, Research Process Alignment, and Logical Coherence
  89. Vertical Research Outline Alignment Matrix
  90. Sample Research Alignment Matrix
  91. Literature Review Alignment Sample Matrix with Fill in the Blanks Matrix
  92. Research Alignment Chart
  93. Horizontal Research Alignment Matrix. Fill in the blanks. Proposal. Methodology. Design
  94. Research Alignment and Presentation of Your Variables or Factors in the Form of an Analytic Framework, which is a Figure
  95. Research Process with Alignment Matrix
  96. Research Alignment or Research Concurrence Table.
  97. Academic Research Worksheet to Ensure Research Alignment, Research Congruence, and Logical Coherence
  98. Research Alignment Work Sheet
  99. Different Types of Action Research
  100. Guide Questions for Analysis and Discussion Using the Case Study Method
  101. Evaluation Research
  102. Research Methodology: Qualitative and Quantitative Research
  103. Quantitative Research
  104. Qualitative Research
  105. Research Methodology on Reliability and Validity
  106. Academic Research Writing: Chapter 3 Methodology, General Lecture Notes
  107. Research Methodology PPT TEMPLATE ONLY
  108. Deductive and Inductive Theories in Research for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  109. Deductive Theory-Led Research
  110. Framework of Analysis: Writing the Theoretical, Analytic, and Conceptual Frameworks.
  111. Structure Writing Your Academic Research Papers
  112. How to Structure Your Paper: Use Tables and Figures for Research Alignment.
  113. Preparing and Presenting Your Tables and Figures to Ensure Consistency or Internal Validity in Your Research
  114. Sample Figures and Tables in Academic Research for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  115. Writing Chapter 1 Introduction
  116. Writing Chapter I of Your Academic Research Paper: Statement of the Problem, Objectives, Questions, Hypothesis, Thesis, Definition, and Theory.
  117. Literature Review Search and Writing
  118. Chapter 2 Literature Review for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation: Lecture Notes
  119. How to Write a Literature Review
  120. Writing Chapter II of Your Academic Research Paper: The Literature Review
  121. Research Methodology and Research Methods
  122. Writing Chapter III of Your Academic Research Paper: Research Methodology, Philosophical Assumptions, Paradigms, Data Collection, and Data Analysis
  123. Chapter 3 Methodology Qualitative Data Analysis Work Sheet TEMPLATE
  124. Social Theories: Objective, Subjective, Macro, Meso, and Micro Level Theories
  125. Levels of Analysis
  126. Sample Time Line for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  127. Sample Gantt Chart Time Line for Academic Papers, Thesis, and Dissertation
  128. Writing Chapter 4 Findings or Results of Your Academic Paper
  129. Chapter 5 Writing Conclusion or Discussion of Your Academic Paper
  130. Tips on Writing the Abstract and Key Terms or Words
  131. Writing the Abstract of Your Academic Papers
  132. Writing a Powerful Abstract and Key Words with Many Real Examples
  133. Research, Writing, Presentation, and Publication ONE SEMESTER COURSE
  134. Pre-, During, and Post- Defense of Your Academic Paper
  135. Freire on Partisanship on Teaching and Learning
  136. Noam Chomsky on the Responsibility of Intellectuals
  137. Edward Said on the Role of Intellectuals: Frantz Fanon, Noam Chomsky, and Michel Foucault

Conflict and Peace Studies

  1. Conflict Studies vs. Peace Studies
  2. Conflict Studies, Peace Studies
  3. Contending Views of War and Peace: Utopians, Humanists, Marxists, Ideological Struggle, Peace Movements, and Intellectuals
  4. Conflict Studies: Game Theory vs. Collective Rationality
  5. Contending or Diverging Approaches: Conflict Studies vs. Peace Studies?
  6. Conceptual Framework: Peace, Violence, Conflict, and Peacebuilding
  7. Anthropology: Ethnography and Customary Peaceful Settlement of Conflicts
  8. Different Types of Conflicts (Goldstein and Pevehouse)
  9. Galtung (1996) on Cultural, Structural, and Direct Violence
  10. Galtung (2002). Transcendence and Cultural Approach to Peacebuilding
  11. Political Economy of War: The Rivalry between Military and Civilian Use of Finite Resources: From Sword to Ploughshare
  12. The Role of Religion in Peacebuilding: Practical Approaches–A Case Study
  13. Conference for College Instructors: Resources and Tips for Peace Education
  14. Introduction to “From International Conflicts to Resolution and Peace” “Day One”
  15. A peace manifesto: An agenda for the world

Human Rights and Peacebuilding

  1. Moral Dilemmas, Human Dignity, and Universal Human Rights
  2. Moral Dilemmas, Critical Analysis, Challenges of, and Opportunities for Universal Human Rights
  3. Ethics or Moral Philosophy
  4. Education for Justice
  5. Different Dimensions of Justice
  6. Dilemmas of Democracy. From Janda et. al. The Challenge of Democracy. Chapter 1
  7. Political Consciousness in the U.S.A.
  8. Aristotle’s Politics (In His Own Words)
  9. Human Rights, Conflict Transformation & Peacebuilding: Lessons for Glocal Organizing
  10. Feminist Pedagogy
  11. Human Rights, Peace and Conflict Transformation: The Glocal from Gender and Inclusive Perspectives
  12. World Infographic Maps
  13. 40 Maps that Explain the World
  14. U.S.A. Infographic Maps
  15. U.S. Electoral College Explained
  16. Electoral College in the U.S.A.
  17. Complex Degrees of Dynamic Power & Privilege in U.S. Society: Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability, Values & Other Differences–Diversity & Inclusion
  18. Models of Development and Development Assistance
  19. Human Rights Based Approach to Development
  20. Noam Chomsky on the Two Major Global Problems: Nuclear Weapons and Environmental Destruction
  21. Howard Zinn on Nuking Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  22. David Kraft. (2013). Earth Day Lecture Notes on “Nuclear Energy.”
  23. Rights. Political Science Lecture Notes. Roskin. Chapter 5
  24. International Relations Theories and Values
  25. Sociobiology, Culture, Racism, and Peacebuilding
  26. Wilson, Ch 9, Sociobiology, Universal Human Rights, and Hope
  27. Jean-Paul Sartre on Colonialism, Anti-Colonialism, Neocolonialism, and Postcolonialism
  28. Philosophy of Freire: Ontology, Epistemology (or Gnoseology), Ethics, Logic, and Ideology
  29. Early Freire, Scientific Freire, and Mature Freire: Partial Ontological & Epistemic Shifts or Complete Rupture?
  30. Slavoj Žižek on Marx & Lenin
  31. Civil Society, Non-Governmental Organizations, and Social Movement
  32. Nuremberg Principles
  33. Nuremberg Principles. International Humanitarian Law
  34. United Nations Charter, International Bill of Human Rights, Universal Declaration, International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, Civil and Political Rights, Optional Additional Protocols
  35. International Human Rights Law for Beginners
  36. International Bill of Human Rights: Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenants, Economic, Social, Cultural, Civil, and Political Rights
  37. Promoting and Protecting Human Rights. Bolingbrook, IL: Fountaindale Public Library
  38. United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms
  39. United Nations Human Rights Reporting Mechanisms
  40. Protection of Human Lives in Armed Conflict & Peace Situation: Human Rights & Laws of War
  41. Neutrality in Public International Law, International Humanitarian Law, International Relations, Comparative Politics, and National Constitutions
  42. Global Citizenship: Multiculturalism, Tolerance, Human Rights, Social Justice, and Sustainable Development
  43. The United Nations’ Agenda for Sustainable Development
  44. Right to Environment: Dialectics of Nature
  45. Problems Affecting Nature and People
  46. International Environmental Law.
  47. History of Environmental Activism
  48. Eco School: From Climate Crisis and Emergency to Climate Justice
  49. Pre-Test: Environmental Situation, Problems, Causes and Solutions. Workshop
  50. Types of Environmentalism
  51. Different Kinds of Environmentalism
  52. Different Types of Environmentalists
  53. Contending Approaches to Working with Nature
  54. Appropriate Technology and Planning Environmental Projects for Developing Countries
  55. Eco-Justice: Sustainable Development and Food Security
  56. Eco-Justice: Climate Change in Our Common Home
  57. Labor Migration, Human Trafficking, and Statelessness in the Thai-Myanmar Border
  58. Human Trafficking and Human Rights
  59. Glocal Organizing: History, Principles, Current Problems & Vision for the Future
  60. International Situation, Tasks Ahead, and People’s Response
  61. Emerging Trends: AGENDA FOR SOCIAL CHANGE
  62. General Crisis in Nature and Society: Economy, Politics, and Culture
  63. Current Emerging Situation in Nature and Society: Economy, Politics, and Culture
  64. Post-COVID-19 International Relations: Global Trends, Geopolitical Issues, and Policy Recommendations

Cultural Dimensions of Peacebuilding

  1. Deconstructing Culture: An Interdisciplinary Critique of Theories of Culture. Edmond, OK: Central Oklahoma University.
  2. Conceptual Framework: Culture and Cultural Analysis
  3. Political Culture. Lecture Notes. Roskin. Chapter 7
  4. Postcolonialism
  5. Avruch. Cross-Cultural Conflict and Peacebuilding
  6. Bräuchler, Birgit. Cultural Dimension of Peacebuilding
  7. Osei-Hwedie & Galvin. Socio-Cultural Bases of Conflicts, Conflict Resolution, and Peacebuilding in Africa
  8. Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations?
  9. Hoftede’s Cultural Dimensions
  10. Ronald Inglehart’s World Values Survey
  11. The Problem with Postmodernism. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University
  12. Three Contrasting Attitudes toward Different Countries and Cultures
  13. Three Contrasting Attitudes toward Study Abroad and Foreign Travels
  14. Intercultural Orientation
  15. Study Abroad Pre-Departure Cultural Orientation
  16. “Culture Box:” Pre-Departure Orientation Workshop for Study Abroad Students and Faculty
  17. “Guess Who Are Muslim?” Intercultural and Interfaith Workshop
  18. Muslim Perspectives of Peacebuilding in Mindanao, Philippines: Community Conflict Resolution and Interfaith Peacebuilding— Implications for Muslims in the United States (Working Draft Only). Claremont, CA: Claremont Lincoln University Center for Global Peacebuilding
  19. Contending Approaches to Refugee Services. International Burma Studies Conference
  20. Where Law Meets Religion, Ethnicity, and Gender: The U.S. Constitution and Diverse Muslim Women and Men in the U.S.A.. Edmond, OK: University of Central Oklahoma.
  21. Program Planning, Postmodernism, & Post-colonialism
  22. Muslims’ Syncretism of the Hindu Ramayana in the Predominantly Christian Philippines

Education, Adult Education, and Transformative Learning

  1. Adult Learning Theories
  2. Malcolm Knowles on Adult Learning Motivation Assumptions
  3. Public Pedagogy and Adult Learning
  4. Key concepts in adult education and training
  5. Learning Styles, Learning Contract
  6. What Do You See?
  7. What Do You See?
  8. Community Service Learning
  9. Critical Reflections on Community Projects
  10. Critical Reflections on Organizing & Community Service Projects

Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Political Theory, and Political Thought as a Guide to Research

  1. Philosophy of Science
  2. The Role of Philosophy in Research
  3. Contrasting Philosophical Worldviews
  4. Plato on Knowledge and Opinion
  5. Hegel on Dialectics in His Own Words
  6. Adam Smith on Self Interest, Benevolence and the Role of the State
  7. The Notion of Truth in Religion, Philosophy, and Science
  8. Freire on Partisanship on Teaching and Learning
  9. Noam Chomsky on the Responsibility of Intellectuals
  10. Edward Said on the Role of Intellectuals: Frantz Fanon, Noam Chomsky, and Michel Foucault
  11. Hegel on Dialectics in His Own Words
  12. Major Periods in the History of Ideas
  13. A Short History of Philosophy
  14. The Story of Philosophy. Based on Bryan Magee’s Book 2001
  15. Philosophy edited by Barry Loewer
  16. Essentials of Philosophy
  17. Philosophy Made Simple
  18. Different Areas of Philosophy
  19. History of Philosophy
  20. Major Periods in the History of Ideas
  21. Main Divisions of Philosophy
  22. Philosophy
  23. Philosophy
  24. Philosophy in Charts
  25. Quotes from Philosophers
  26. Philosophy of Plato
  27. Plato’s Republic
  28. Aristotle’s Politics (In His Own Words)
  29. Aristotle on Friendship
  30. Saint Augustine of Hippo Quotations
  31. Saint Thomas Aquinas on Law
  32. Niccolò Machiavelli
  33. Thomas Hobbes
  34. Thomas Hobbes
  35. John Locke
  36. Homo Economicus: The Relationship between Adam Smith & Karl Marx
  37. Classical Marxist Philosophy
  38. Jean-Paul Sartre on Colonialism, Anti-Colonialism, Neocolonialism, and Postcolonialism
  39. Slavoj Žižek on Marx & Lenin
  40. Freire: In His Own Words
  41. Freire: Ontology, Epistemology (or Gnoseology), Ethics, Logic, and Ideology
  42. Early Freire, scientific Freire, and mature Freire
  43. Orientalism and Postcolonialism: Meaning, Challenges & Opportunities
  44. Positivism, Critical Theory, Postcolonialism and Postcolonial Theory
  45. Edward Said on the Role of Intellectuals: Frantz Fanon, Noam Chomsky, and Michel Foucault
  46. The Problem with Postmodernism